Selection of Current Transformers for Metering and Measurement Applications

Selection of Current Transformers for Metering and Measurement Applications

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How to select the right Current Transformer?

Current Transformers perform two critical roles in the power supply ecosystem. They are used as current measurement devices and as protection relays. However, there are different types of Current Transformers and several factors govern the appropriate choice of the Current Transformer.

The objective of this study is to understand the key considerations before choosing the right Current Transformer for a particular application.

If you are looking to read about the basic function of Current Transformers, compliance standards and applications, read our earlier blog here.

Current transformers are employed to measure power circuit currents using measuring instruments such as Ammeters, Kilowatt-hour meters and power factor meters. They work with a high degree of accuracy but within the rated current range. They must have a specified accuracy class as in IEC 60044-1. The secondary current is substantially proportional to the primary within a working range of about 5–120% of its primary rated current. The accuracy class required for various metering applications is listed below:

accuracy class required for various metering applications

Two new accuracy classes have been developed by IEEE C57.13.6 to accommodate the shift towards electronic relays and meters from the traditional induction devices. Nowadays, manufacturers have been improving accuracy of instrument transformers to take advantage of the lower impedance of the devices.

If input current exceeds the rating, the metering CT will saturate thereby limiting the current level within the measuring instrument. Core materials for this type of CT typically have low saturation levels, such as nano-crystalline. They are generally available in wound or ring type.

KWM Series – Wound Primary Measuring Current Transformers from KSI

WM Series - Wound Primary Measuring Current Transformers from KSI

KWM Series are a range of Measuring Current Transformers. These CTs measure current flowing through the primary conductor by converting them to measurable value.

Features:

  • Designed as per IS-16227, IEC-61869, C-57 or Customer specific requirement
  • Approved and widely used by various State Power Supply companies
  • Requires little or no maintenance
  • Tested and certified at CPRI Bangalore, India (NABL)
  • Secondary Current 5A or 1A
  • Primary Current up to 5000A
  • Secondary Burden 1VA to 30VA
  • Dual Ratios can be offered
  • High accuracy on request
  • Mounting arrangement on request
  • Construction Styles Offered :
    • Varnished Fibre Glass or PVC Tape Insulated
    • Resin cast
    • ABS or Glass Filled Nylon Moulded

Learn More: KWM Series – Wound Primary Measuring Current Transformers

KRM SERIES – Ring Type Measuring Current Transformers from KSI

KRM SERIES - Ring Type Measuring Current Transformers from KSI

KRM Series are a range of Measuring Current Transformers. This series of Ring type, also called window type, allows bus bars or cables to be passed through the CT and act as a Primary for the CT.

Features:

  • Designed as per IS-16227, IEC-61869, C-57 or Customer specific requirement
  • Approved and widely used by various State Power Supply companies
  • Requires little or no maintenance
  • Tested and certified at CPRI Bangalore, India (NABL)
  • Secondary Current 5A or 1A
  • Primary Current up to 5000A
  • Secondary Burden 1VA to 30VA
  • Dual Ratios can be offered
  • High accuracy on request
  • Mounting arrangement on request
  • Construction Styles Offered :
    • Varnished Fiberglass or PVC Tape Insulated
    • Resin cast
    • ABS or Glass Filled Nylon Moulded

Learn more: KRM SERIES – Ring Type Measuring Current Transformers

Read related blogs on

Customized Current Transformers for Industry Applications

Summation Measuring Current Transformers for Power Systems

Selection of Current Transformers for Protection Relays or Tripping Relays

Author
Author: Anuradha C

An integral part of the content creation team at KS Instruments, Anuradha is a corporate trainer in the IT/telecom domain with over 18 years of experience. She served in senior technical and management positions in Huawei and TCS for 10+ years

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